A team of Chinese and Danish researchers has identified 500 new species of gut-residing microorganisms and 800 new bacterial viruses which could attack them. The findings could lead to promising new treatments and possibly circumvent the current crisis of antimicrobial resistance.
Using a technique they developed for analyzing DNA sequence data, researchers managed to more than double the number of intestinal bacteria species that has previously been identified.
Coupled with newfound understanding of how the bacteria and viruses interact, the findings are likely to offer more information and possibly lead to new treatments of diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity and even asthma.
The study was published in Nature Biotechnology.